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of Quebec and Canada
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A- 22 multiple choice items
Part B-8 Structured response items
numbers on the map represent three major regions explored by the French
in the 17th century.
REGIONS IN THE CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER IN WHICH THEY WERE EXPLORED.
the Ohio Valley
The St. Lawrence
Valley and the Great Lakes
your answer by typing it in the text box.Use lower case i.e. a
2. During the
colonization of New France in the 17th and 18th centuries, France applied
the economic policy of mercantilism. According to this theory, a nation's
wealth was measured by the quantity of precious metals in its treasury.
In order to become rich, a nation had to sell more goods than it bought.
WHAT WERE TWO
ROLES OF THE COLONIES IN MERCANTILISM?
To buy finished
products from the mother country
To produce everything
needed for self-sufficiency
To follow the
mother country's example and even try to surpass it
To compete among
To supply the
raw materials needed by the mother country
3. The social structure of New France
was quite simple. It consisted of only a few social groups.
a) Nobility b) Bourgeoisie
c) Common people
a) Nobility b) Bourgeoisie
c) Common people
1. I run a large import-export business
2. At the request of the King, I
have come to New France to become governor.
3. I am a peasant; my two sons have
left home. One works in the shipyard
and the other is a
coureur de bois.
4. As bishop, I am head of the Catholic
Church in New France.
4. Throughout its history,
New France did not attract the population needed to settle and defend its
territory. Colonial authorities attempted to encourage settlement, but
with little success.
WHICH TWO FACTORS EXPLAIN NEW FRANCE'S
1. The lack of profitable
2. The shortage of space on ships
3. The low population of the mother
4. The excessive strictness of the
5. The harsh climate
(A) 1 and 3
(B) 1 and 5
(C) 2 and 4
(D) 4 and 5
WHAT WERE TWO ADVANTAGES OF BEING A SEIGNEUR IN NEW FRANCE?
Controlling all the wealth from his land
on the Sovereign Council
an army officer
rent and other revenues for the land concessions
from the free labour of his tenants
THE WAR OF THE CONQUEST, WHAT WERE TWO RESOURCES THE ENGLISH COLONIES
New France, certain aspects of the lives of the French colonists were changed
as a result of the British takeover.
few years after its conquest of New France, England came into conflict
Thirteen Colonies. As a result, in 1783, England recognized the independence
of the United States.
These events had major repercussions on the Province of Quebec.
DID THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION HAVE ON THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC?
of the fur trade by Montréal merchants
of Loyalists in the Province of Quebec
tension between the clergy and the British authorities in the colony
of the Ohio Valley in the territory of the Province of Quebec
DOCUMENTS CHARACTERIZE THE CONSTITUTIONAL ACT?
At the beginning of the 19th century, England's increased demand for timber
and wheat had major effects on the economy of Lower Canada.
WHAT WAS ONE
OF THIS INCREASED BRITISH DEMAND?
For Upper and Lower Canada, the 1830s was a period of great unrest.
WHAT WERE TWO
OF THE UNREST IN LOWER CANADA?
following events, all of which occurred during the same time period, were
directly related to the creation of Canadian Confederation.
IS AVAILABLE TO ME?
(A) Sell what
few things I own and return to France, which the authorities will allow
me to do.
(B) Go and
work in the new aluminum smelters in the Saguenay region.
in Baie-Comeau or Sept-Iles and make a living mining iron ore on the North
(D) Try to
find work as an unskilled labourer in the new manufacturing industries
in Montréal or Québec.
At the end of the 19th century, England sought to increase its military
power and strengthen colonial ties within the Empire. English Canadians
and French Canadians were divided on this issue.
HOW DID CANADIANS
OF BRITISH ORIGIN REACT TO BRITAIN'S DEMAND FOR MILITARY AID?
(A) They wanted
Canada to distance itself from Britain and act as a sovereign country.
(B) They no
longer considered themselves members of the British Empire. They were Canadian
citizens and the interests of their country came first.
(C) They considered
themselves members of the British Empire. England was their motherland
and Canada had an obligation to give military and economic support
in times of need.
(D) They believed
the European powers should resolve their own conflicts. Canada should strengthen
its ties with the United States.
The following events led to a change in the political status of Canada:
The signing of
the Treaty of Versailles (1919)
the League of Nations (1919)
The Balfour Report
The Statute of
obtained responsible government.
adopted a new constitution.
obtained complete autonomy in external affairs.
granted new powers to the provinces.
They gave direct aid to a large number of unemployed workers whose living
conditions had become uncertain.
2. They cut
spending, reduced the number of civil servants and raised taxes.
3. They tightened
the qualifications for unemployment insurance benefits and forced social
welfare recipients to do volunteer work.
4. They started
large public works projects to pay wages that would boost consumption.
5. They encouraged
immigration in order to increase the number of consumers. Certain parts
of Montreal became multi-ethnic.
The following text describes a particular period in Quebec history.
found jobs. They were even encouraged to do overtime. A large number of
women entered the labour force. Rationing prevented Canadians from
buying everything they wanted. The government encouraged them to invest
their savings in Victory Bonds. Families were urged to reduce
consumption and save material that could be recycled by industry.
The federal government held a national vote. This plebiscite led to the
creation of a new political party in Quebec the Bloc Populaire.
FROM EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SETS, SELECT THE CHARACTERISTIC THAT DESCRIBES
CANADIAN SOCIETY DURING
THE SECOND WORLD WAR.
bought consumer goods, such as refrigerators and television sets, that
had just been put on
the market. Quebec was truly entering the consumer age.
was rising; border shut-downs caused by the war greatly reduced Canadian
supplied raw materials and military equipment to Britain. Factory
work was plentiful: there was
actually a shortage of workers.
the beginning of the 1960s, a new nationalism has been growing in Quebec.
Since the time of Jean Lesage's Liberal government, successive governments
have passed laws that reflect the desire of Quebecers to become masters
in their own house.
WHICH TWO OF
THE FOLLOWING MEASURES ARE EXPRESSIONS OFQUEBEC NATIONALISM?
1. Nationalization of electricity
2. Adoption of the Charter of the French Language (Bill 101)
3. Passing of the Consumer Protection Act
4. Implementation of state automobile insurance
5. Setting up of health insurance
(A) 1 and
(B) 1 and
(C) 2 and
(D) 3 and
WHICH THREE DOCUMENTS RELATE TO THE 1970-1990 PERIOD IN QUEBEC?
Go on to Part
THE LIST BELOW SELECT 4 ITEMS OR PRACTICES BORROWED BYTHE FRENCH FROM
THE AMERINDIANS,AND 4 ITEMS OR PRACTICES BORROWED BY THE AMERINDIANS
FROM THE FRENCH.
Throughout the history of New France, the fur trade was the engine of the
This situation had repercussions on colonial society.
ON THE DIAGRAM
BELOW, GIVE ONE CONSEQUENCE OF
THE FUR TRADE ON:
Type your answers in the Text
Boxes below. Use lower case e.g. french
Under Royal Government established in 1663, the roles of various members
of colonial society were
the text below, the titles associated with certain functions have been
PLACE THE NUMBER
OF THE FOLLOWING TITLES IN THE APPROPRIATE SPACES IN THE TEXT.
Type your answers in the
Text Boxes below. Enter 1 number in each Box.
It is autumn
and the harvest is over. Baptiste calls on the
to pay his cens. He is in a hurry because he has a lot of activities to
organize. Since he is the ,
he has to see to the military training of the other settlers of the parish
as wellas to the setting up of a work crew to build a road ordered by the
Then he has
to stop by the presbytery (rectory) to pay his tithe to the
and to ask him to visit his mother, who is sick. Baptiste chats with him
awhile because he is worried. He is afraid the
is not organizing a military campaign against the Amerindians in the Great
Lakes region who are blocking the flow of furs to Quebec. The parish priest
has to go to Quebec soon, where he will visit his superior, the
. His superior might have heard of the plan because of his functions as
a , which, in addition to being
a court of appeal, is also a forum for the discussion of colonial
politics. Baptiste is happy they had this talk.
Following the rebellions of 1837-1838, London sent Lord Durham to
investigate the situation in the two
was to analyze the situation and submit his recommendations.After studying
Durham's report, London decided to apply some of his recommendations.These
decisions were embodied in law in the constitution of 1840.
(A) NAME THE
SOLUTION PROPOSED IN EACH OF THE TEXTS BELOW.
that no permanent or efficient remedy can be devised for the disorders
. . . except a fusion .... Thus the province would be subjected to the
vigorous domination of an English majority in a legislative union."
The of Upper and
Durham, the only way to put a stop to the political agitation would be
to instruct the governor to administer the colony according to the wishes
of the Executive Council. This council would have to represent a majority
of the members of the Legislative Assembly.
(B) WHICH OF
THESE POLITICAL SOLUTIONS WAS NOT INCLUDED IN THE CONSTITUTION OF
few years after Confederation, Canada was hit by a depression. To remedy
the situation, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald proposed several measures
contained in what came to be known as the National Policy.
The table below
contains the problems to be resolved by the National Policy, the solutions
proposed in this policy and the positive effects of applying these solutions.
BY PLACING EACH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS IN THE APPROPRIATE SPACE. INDICATE
YOUR ANSWERS BY WRITING THE CORRESPONDING NUMBERS IN THE APPROPRIATE BOXES.
The government completed the transcontinental railway.
2. The increase
in population created a large Canadian domestic market which provided businesses
with a larger clientele
3. The government
feared that the Americans would seize parts of the West if it were left
EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SETS, SELECT THE CHARACTERISTIC THAT DESCRIBES CANADIAN
Despite a certain amount of opposition, Maurice Duplessis stayed in power
for more than fifteen years. The
groups described in the texts below supported Duplessis because they enjoyed
a lot of advantages from the
the Union Nationale government.
the end of World War II, Quebec society has undergone considerable change.
Two periods, among
Type your answers in the
Text Boxes below. Do not use spaces or hyphens, enter 3 numbers e.g. 345
THE GOVERNMENT OF JEAN LESAGE
THE GOVERNMENT OF ROBERT BOURASSA
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