1. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RESOURCES WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RAPID DEVELOPMENT OF THE QUEBEC ECONOMY DURING THE SECOND PHASE OF INDUSTRIALZATION (1896-1929) ?
A) Timber C) Hydro-electricity
2. At the beginning of the 20th century, two new provinces, Saskatchewan and Alberta, joined Confederation.
WHAT LED TO THE CREATION OF THESE TWO NEW PROVINCES?
A) A large influx of European immigrants
B) The Gold Rush in the Yukon
C) The arrival of the Loyalists
D) The flow of population from eastern Canada towards the West
3. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Dominion of Canada was part of the British Empire and had the status of a colony.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING QUOTATIONS EXPRESSES A DESIRE TO MAINTAIN A LINK WITH ENGLAND?
A) "The nation we wish to build is the French-Canadian nation." J.P. Tardivel
B) "We owe England nothing; Canadians must remain loyal to their nation." Henri Bourassa
C) "The powers of the central parliament flow from the provinces, which are the source of all legislative authority." Honoré Mercier
D) "When Britain is at war, Canada is at war." Sir
4. The event described in the text below occurred during a particular period in our history.
WHICH LETTER ON THE TIME LINE DESIGNATES THIS PERIOD?
5. WHICH STATEMENT DESCRIBES CANADA'S POLITICAL CONTEXT BETWEEN 1900 AND 1920 ?
A) Economic prosperity led to the creation of Canadian Confederation.
B) The hanging of Louis Riel angered English Canada.
C) Economic prosperity gave Quebec women access to important ministerial positions in the federal cabinet.
D) Canada was recognized internationally as a result of its involvement
in the First World War.
6. Between 1900 and 1930, the growing numbers of plants and factories, particularly in Montreal, changed the working and living conditions of workers.
WHAT SOCIAL CHANGES DID THIS INDUSTRIALIZATION BRING ABOUT ?
2. Women were paid the same wages as men.
3. The majority of the population lived in urban centres.
4. School attendance became compulsory.
5. Catholic labour unions were organized.
B) 1 and 5 D) 3 and 5
7. The crash of the New York Stock Exchange in 1929 triggered an economic depression that was felt in Canada and throughout the world.
WHAT WERE TWO REACTIONS TO THE DEPRESSION IN CANADA ?
2. Following a publicity campaign, a large number of women joined the labour force.
3. The government created jobs through public works projects and work camps.
4. The government strongly supported the forming of workers' unions in several sectors of the economy.
5. In Quebec, the clergy encouraged people to move from the countryside to the cities.
B) 1 and 5 D) 4 and 5
8. The events below occurred during a particular period in the history of Quebec and Canada.
1880 1900 1920 1940 1960
HOW DID CANADIANS OF BRITISH ORIGIN REACT TO BRITAIN'S DEMAND FOR MILITARY AID ?
A) They wanted Canada to distance itself from Britain and act as a sovereign country.
B) They no longer considered themselves members of the British Empire. They were Canadian citizens and the interests of their country came first.
C) They considered themselves members of the British Empire. Britain was their motherland and Canada had an obligation to give military and economic support in times of need.
D) They believed the European powers should resolve their own conflicts.
Canada should strengthen its ties with the United States.
2. The urban population became larger than the rural population.
3. Women obtained equal pay for equal work.
4. The Catholic church was no longer involved in education.
5. The government introduced an unemployment insurance program.
B) 1 and 4 D) 4 and 5
11. The history of Quebec and Canada during the first half of the 20th century was marked by distinct periods.
PLACE THESE PERIODS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.
1. The World War I Years
2. The Years of Despair
3. The Years of Prosperity
12. WHICH TWO STATEMENTS BELOW SHOW CONTINUITY BETWEEN THE FIRST AND SECOND PHASES OF INDUSTRIALIZATION?
2. Investors in textiles and clothing were attracted to Quebec mainly by the natural resources.
3. Thousands of people left rural areas to live in urban centres.
4. All foreign investment capital came from the United States.
5. The working class experienced difficult living and working conditions.
B) 2 and 4 D) 4 and 5
13. Canada and Quebec experienced difficult economic and social times in the 1930s. Many Canadians began to question their economic and social system.
WHICH TWO STATEMENTS RELATE TO THIS PERIOD ?
2. The James Bay hydroelectric project and other government projects supported the economy.
3. Social welfare and higher education were threatened by the withdrawal of federal government money.
4. Under pressure from the Church, the government of Quebec supported a back-to-the-land movement.
5. The C.C.F. outlined its program to bring about change in a document called "The Regina Manifesto"
B) 1 and 5 D) 4 and 5
14. WHICH TWO OF THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERIZE THE SECOND PHASE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION IN QUEBEC?
2. Timber replaced fur as the engine of Quebec's economy.
3. Industries opened up in several regions of Quebec: Abitibi, Estrie, Mauricie, and Lac-St-Jean.
4. More and more foreign investment came from Great Britain.
5. Industries were located exclusively in the Quebec City and Montreal regions.
B) 1 and 4 D) 4 and 5
15. WHICH SET OF ELEMENTS CHARACTERIZES THE BEGINNING OF THE
20TH CENTURY IN CANADA ?
B) Heavy immigration to the West
D) The timber trade
16. In the 1930s, Canada experienced a serious economic crisis. Demands for government intervention came from all quarters.
WHAT TWO MEASURES DID THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PROPOSE IN AN ATTEMPT TO RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION?
2. Public works projects to provide work for the unemployed
3. The nationalization of electricity
4. A campaign promoting rationing and recycling
5. The sale of Victory Bonds
B) 1 and 5 D) 4 and 5
17. WHICH SET REPRESENTS SOCIAL CHANGES THAT OCCURRED IN QUEBEC DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION?
A) The start of Catholic unions
B) Women obtaining wages equal to those of men
C) More women than men entering university
D) The deterioration of working conditions
18. During the second phase of industrialization (1896-1929), Quebec society changed in some sectors, but not in others.
WHICH SET OF STATEMENTS ILLUSTRATES CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN QUEBEC SOCIETY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY?
A) The clergy helped the poor.
The English controlled agriculture.
C) French Canadians survived because of agriculture. Bosses obtained the support of unions.
D) Women and children were the least paid workers.
New laws improved workers' living conditions.
19. WITH WHICH PERIOD OF HISTORY ARE THE FOLLOWING EVENTS ASSOCIATED?
WHAT WERE THE EFFECTS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION OF THE 1930s ON CANADA?
2. A decrease in exports
3. A decrease in consumption
4. An increase in speculation on the New York stock market
5. An increase in the production of manufactured goods
B) 2 and 3 D) 4 and 5
21. Between 1899 and 1918, relations between French and English Canadians deteriorated. They were at odds over Canada's :
A) They wanted Canada to obtain greater political autonomy from Britain.
B) They wanted to contribute to the defense of the British Empire.
C) They wanted to obtain control of their future in a sovereign Quebec.
D) They wanted to join the United States.
22. At different points in their history, Canada and Quebec have undergone important economic changes.
WITH WHICH PERIOD ARE THE FOLLOWING ECONOMIC CHANGES ASSOCIATED?
B) The second phase of industrialization D) The Quiet Revolution
2. A 13. D
3. D 14. A
4. C 15. B
5. D 16. A
6. D 17. D
7. A 18. D
10. A 21. A