A) B) C) D)
1840 1850 1860 1870 1880
2. WHICH TWO TEXTS DESCRIBE QUEBEC SOCIETY DURING THE FIRST PHASE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION (1867-1896) ?
2. The first industries were set up in Quebec's large cities. The living conditions of workers were poor. Factory workers united to form the first unions.
3. In certain rural areas, dairy farming (butter and cheese factories) gradually became Quebec's leading agricultural activity.
4. Quebec's economy underwent radical change as its staple product changed from fur to timber. This new industry created seasonal work for woodcutters, loggers and longshoremen.
5. There was industrial development on Quebec's North Shore. Sept-Ïles
and Baie-Comeau became important because of their proximity to iron ore
B) 2 and 3 D) 4 and 5
3. IDENTIFY TWO AIMS OF JOHN A. MACDONALD'S NATIONAL POLICY.
2. To develop Western Canada.
3. To satisfy the demands of the Métis.
4. To promote trade with the United States.
5. To protect Canadian industries against foreign competition.
B) 2 and 4 D) 3 and 5
4.In the second half of the 19th century, Quebec underwent important economic and social changes.
WHICH TWO STATEMENTS BELOW DESCRIBE THE CHANGES THAT OCCURRED AT THIS TIME?
2. The timber trade created many new jobs. The wood was hauled to small rivers by teamsters and floated to the Ottawa or St. Lawrence rivers by drivers.
3. The women worked side by side with the men. It became common to see women operating rivetting hammers in shipyards, welding in aeroplane factories or driving trucks and buses.
4. The Depression did not spare Quebec. Factories shut down. Workers lost their jobs and were evicted by their landlords when the rent could no longer be paid.
5. Children were expected to enter the work force at the earliest possible age. Women's wages, low as they were, often made the difference between bare subsistence and a modest "prosperity".
B) 1 and 5 D) 4 and 5
A) The Confederation of Canada
B) The signing of the Reciprocity Treaty with the United States
C) The coming to power of Wilfrid Laurier
D) The union of Upper and Lower Canada
6. Canada experienced economic difficulties between 1870 and 1880:
2. Extension of the railway system
3. Promotion of immigration
4. Increased tariffs (customs duties)
5. Development of mining
6. Land grants to the Métis
B) 1, 5 and 6 D) 4, 5 and 6
7. After 1867, Quebec underwent important economic and social changes.
WHICH TWO OF THE FOLLOWING ITEMS CHARACTERIZE QUEBEC SOCIETY AT THE END OF THE 19TH CENTURY?
A) 1 and 3
C) 2 and 4
8. During the 1860s, the United Province of Canada faced economic difficulties. Exports to the United States dropped dramatically, which forced the United Province of Canada to develop its domestic market.
WHAT WAS THE CAUSE OF THE DROP IN EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES ?
A) The American colonies did not accept Great Britain's adoption of the Quebec Act. Unhappy, they boycotted products from the Province of Quebec.
B) The decision made by the United States not to renew the Reciprocity Treaty was a serious blow to the economy of the United Province of Canada.
C) Britain began importing more from its colonies because Napoleon's blockade prevented England from obtaining supplies in Europe.
D) The United States was fighting a civil war. Although they were unhappy
about Britain's support of the Southern States, the Northern States continued
importing supplies from the United Province of Canada.
9. In the period following Confederation, Quebec society underwent economic and social changes, some of which are described below.
WITH WHAT PERIOD IN HISTORY ARE THE ABOVE TEXTS ASSOCIATED?
10. The three following events led to Canadian Confederation:
11. The British North America Act of 1867 divided powers between the federal government and the provinces.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SETS REPRESENTS POWERS THAT ARE EXCLUSIVELY UNDER PROVINCIAL CONTROL?
A) Health Care
C) Defence and the military
12. WHICH TWO OF THE FOLLOWING TEXTS DESCRIBE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGES THAT TOOK PLACE DURING THE FIRST PHASE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION (1867 TO 1896)?
A) 1 and 3
C) 2 and 4
13. In the mid-1860s, several political leaders proposed a federal union as a solution to the political and economic problems faced by United Canada.
WHICH TWO STATEMENTS REPRESENT FACTORS THAT LED TO THE PASSING OF THE BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT (B.N.A. ACT) ?
2. Industrialization led to the movement of people from the countryside to the cities.
3. The colony experienced a period of political instability: 10 governments in 10 years.
4. The Métis Rebellion in the West forced the Canadian government to react.
5. The United States government decided not to renew the Reciprocity Treaty.
B) 2 and 5 D) 3 and 5
14. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TEXTS DESCRIBES THIS NATIONAL POLICY?
A) The proximity and size of the American market encouraged (United Canada) to establish closer ties with the United States.Tariffs on certain products (such as wheat and lumber) were to be eliminated.
B) They used ships made in Canada to trade various products with the French West Indies in the autumn. These same ships then delivered furs and returned the following summer loaded with manufactured goods needed by both colonists and merchants.
C) Increasing numbers of industrialists believed that free trade was essential for an economic recovery: that is to say, free trade with all countries, barring none.
D) The plan consisted of three principal measures: higher tariffs, extension
of the railroad towards the West and increased immigration.
15. WHICH ECONOMIC ELEMENT AND WHICH SOCIAL ELEMENT CHARACTERIZE QUEBEC DURING THE FIRST PHASE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION (1867-1896)?
A) 1 and 5
C) 2 and 6
16. A few years after Confederation, the Canadian economy faced a severe crisis. The Canadian government proposed solutions to deal with the situation.It proposed to focus the development of Canada on :
A) George-Étienne Cartier C) John A. Macdonald
B) Wilfrid Laurier
D) Honoré Mercier
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TEXTS ILLUSTRATES ONE OF THE CHANGES ?
A) A reciprocity treaty was signed with the United States. A railroad was built to Portland (U.S.) to facilitate the shipping of goods, and the dollar was adopted as the monetary unit.
B) American goods became the fashion. Anything imported was considered to be better. Recreation began to play an important role in people's lives.
C) It was impossible for the government to operate. No political party could obtain an absolute majority in the Assembly, resulting in ten governments in as many years.
D) Farmers sold horses, hay, peas and especially dairy products to the
United States. Butter and cheese factories sprung up everywhere. The dairy
industry became the backbone of agricultural development.
A) The adoption of responsible government C) Canadian autonomy in foreign policy
B) Annexation to the United States D) Confederation
MATCH EACH DIFFICULTY WITH ITS PROPOSED SOLUTION.
1. An economic crisis shook most
a) Mercier and Mowat promoted
2. Agriculture in Quebec suffered
b) John A. Macdonald's government adopted the
3. The provincial premiers opposed
c) The Quebec government promoted dairy farming as
A) 1a, 2b, 3c
C) 1b, 2c, 3a
20. WHICH THREE OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS CHARACTERIZE QUEBEC SOCIETY WITHIN CONFEDERATION BETWEEN 1867 AND 1896 ?
2. French Canadians emigrated to the United States.
3. Women obtained the right to vote in Quebec.
4. In the working-class district of cities, living conditions met public health and hygiene standards.
5. The clergy remained an influential group in Quebec society.
6. The Quebec government introduced an income tax.
B) 1, 3, 4 D) 3, 5, 6
21. The following statements describe a specific period in the history of Canada.
WITH WHAT PERIOD IN HISTORY ARE THESE EVENTS ASSOCIATED ?
1. C 11. A
2. B 12. A
3. C 13. D
4. B 14. D
5. A 15. C
6. C 16. C
7. B 17. D
10. B 20. A