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1. The following documents illustrate important stages in
the economic life of Quebec and Canada during the first half of
the twentieth century.
ARRANGE THEM IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.
The Depression gradually affected all sectors : agriculture,
natural resources, manufacturing and even services.
It was the beginning of aluminum and chemical production. These
two activities required large amounts of hydro-electric power.
Hitler's troops invaded Poland. From the outset, Canada found
itself involved in the conflict and participated by sending troops
overseas and by undertaking an unprecedented industrial war
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2. ON THE TIME LINE, SELECT THE LETTER WHICH DESIGNATES
THE HISTORICAL PERIOD DESCRIBED IN THE TWO DOCUMENTS BELOW.
It was Black Thursday that grabbed the headlines in most Canadian
newpapers. The stock exchanges in New York, Philadelphia, Chicago
and Baltimore plummeted as shares were sold by the tens of
BENNETT'S NEW DEAL
a minimum wage
an eight-hour workday and a 48-hour
a program of social assistance
3. The following changes affected Quebec society during
its second phase of industrialization.
Industrialization brought about
further urban growth.
Quebec's economic development resulted
from foreign investment, particularly from the United States.
Quebec's economic development was based
on the exploitation of natural resources intended primarily for
ON THE TIME LINE, WHICH TIME FRAME CORRESPONDS TO THE PERIOD
DURING WHICH THESE CHANGES TOOK PLACE ?
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4. Industrialization in Quebec took place in two distinct phases:
the first phase from 1867 to 1896 and the second phase from 1896
FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES, CHECK THE
THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH QUEBEC'S SECOND PHASE OF
3-Montreal and Quebec City
4-Mauricie, Saguenay-Lac St.- Jean, Outaouais, Abitibi
6-Foreign markets (England and the U.S.)
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or hypens, enter 3 numbers e.g. 345
5. The following events were major turning points in the
history of Canada during the first half of the 20th century.
PLACE THESE EVENTS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.
1. The First World War
The active military role played by Canada during this war
contributed to greater autonomy from England.
2. The Second World War
During the war the federal government planned and controlled
production and subsidized industries.
3. The Years of Prosperity
These years were characterized by the appearance of the
automobile, the airplane, talking pictures and an American dance
known as the Charleston.
4. The Years of Despair
These years were characterized by the Great Depression that
brought about the bankruptcy of numerous businesses and
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case e.g. a
6. The following statements are all associated with a major
historical event in Canada.
In October 1929, stock prices on
the New York Stock Excnange tumbled as millions of
shares were offered for sale but no
buyers were to be found.
In 4 years Canada's gross national
product declined 42 per cent.
By 1933 more than 25 per cent of
Canadian wage-earners were out of work.
THE PERIOD DESCRIBED ABOVE IS COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS :
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case e.g. d
7. IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SETS, SELECT THE CHARACTERISTIC
THAT DESCRIBES CANADIAN SOCIETY DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION OF THE
1. The federal government intervened immediately by
introducing unemployment insurance.
2. New political parties emerged and proposed new solutions.
3. The federal government took steps to reduce public services to
4. The Canadian economy experienced little difficulty as a result
of the worldwide depression.
5. The Canadian government signed a free trade agreement with the
6. The economic sectors hardest hit were the pulp and paper
industries, agriculture, and mining.
7. Factory owners and workers developed co-operative strategies to
deal with unemployment.
8. Thousands of individuals lost their jobs and became unemployed
for several years.
9. Generous social assistance programs helped many Canadians
survive these difficult times.
8. . In the 1920s, the North American economy was characterized
by heavy consumption and
subsequent overproduction in industry. Many people speculated in
the stock market. In
October 1929, the stock market crashed and, in the following
years, the entire industrialized
world was plunged into a serious economic crisis.
TWO ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF THIS CRISIS IN CANADA WERE :
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B) increase in
9. The following documents represent different events during
the course of the Great Depression.
ARRANGE THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.
The real crash of the New York Stock Exchange occurred on October
24th, Black Thursday.
16.5 million shares were up for sale with no buyers.
Throughout Canada, the outbreak of another world war brought back
had a job, and companies benefitted from wartime conditions.
Work camps and public work projects were created by governments to
deal with massive
Thousands of workers lost their jobs when companies closed. Many
waited years before
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10. IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SETS, SELECT THE ELEMENT WHICH
CHARACTERIZES THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1896 AND 1929 IN CANADA.
1. Quebec denounced Ottawa's attitude in the Riel affair.
2. World War 1 and military conscription further divided
3. Women had no difficulties getting the right to vote in federal
4. Canada experienced a period of economic prosperity brought on
mainly by foreign
5. Canada experienced a period of prosperity because of government
intervention in the
6. Canada experienced an economic depression because of the
collapse of the stock market.
7. Record emigration of English Canadians to the United
8. Urban growth throughout Canada declined during this period.
9. Large numbers of Europeam immigrants settled the Canadian
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11.NAME TWO SOCIAL MEASURES IMPLEMENTED BY GOVERNMENTS
DURING THE 1930s TO OFFSET THE EFFECTS OF THE DEPRESSION.
TWO SOCIAL MEASURES :
12. FROM EACH OF THE BOXES BELOW, CHOOSE ONE STATEMENT THAT
DESCRIBES CANADIAN SOCIETY BETWEEN 1896 AND 1929.
1. The provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created.
2. Newfoundland joined Confederation.
3. Corporations invested large amounts of money in order to
exploit Canada's natural
4. The depression was characterized by high unemployment,
factory closings and the absence
of social services.
5. Prime Minister, Wilfred Laurier, sought a compromise that would
satisfy all Canadians
concerning Canada's role in the British empire.
6. Premier Maurice Duplessis had the fleur-de-lis adopted as