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Module 5 Quiz
1.The following events, all of which
occurred during the same time period,
were directly related
to the creation of Canadian Confederation.
2.WHICH TWO TEXTS DESCRIBE QUEBEC
THE FIRST PHASE
OF INDUSTRIALIZATION (1867-1896) ?
1. Large American corporations
invested in different regions of Quebec.
They exploited the
natural resources needed in the United States.
3. In certain rural areas, dairy
farming (butter and cheese factories) gradually became Quebec's leading
4. Quebec's economy underwent radical
change as its staple product changed from fur to timber.
This new industry
created seasonal work for woodcutters, loggers and longshoremen.
5. There was industrial development
on Quebec's North Shore. Sept-Ïles and Baie-Comeau became
of their proximity to iron ore mines.
3.IDENTIFY TWO AIMS OF JOHN A. MACDONALD'S
1. To put a stop to French
Canadian emigration to the United States.
2. To develop Western Canada.
3. To satisfy the demands of the
4. To promote trade with the United
5. To protect Canadian industries
against foreign competition.
4.In the second half of the 19th
century, Quebec underwent important economic and social changes.
WHICH TWO STATEMENTS
BELOW DESCRIBE THE CHANGES THAT OCCURRED AT THIS TIME?
1. The industries located in Montreal included boots and shoes, textiles,
cigars,iron and steel, lumber, transportation equipment and a host of shops
and service faciliites.
3. The women worked side by side
with the men. It became common to see women operating
in shipyards, welding in aeroplane factories or driving trucks and buses.
4. The Depression did not spare Quebec.
Factories shut down. Workers lost their jobs and
by their landlords when the rent could no longer be paid.
5. Children were expected to enter
the work force at the earliest possible age.
low as they were, often made the difference between bare subsistence
and a modest
5. WHICH COMBINATION
OF EVENTS OCCURED BETWEEN 1860 AND 1890 ?
The Confederation of Canada
The hanging of Louis Riel
The signing of the Reciprocity Treaty with the United States
Canada and the Boer War
The coming to power of Wilfrid Laurier
The achievement of responsible government
The union of Upper and Lower Canada
The building of canals
6. Canada experienced economic
difficulties between 1870 and 1880:
1. Free trade
2. Extension of the railway system
3. Promotion of immigration
4. Increased tariffs (customs duties)
5. Development of mining
6. Land grants to the Métis
7. After 1867, Quebec underwent important
economic and social changes.
WHICH TWO OF THE
FOLLOWING ITEMS CHARACTERIZE QUEBEC SOCIETY
AT THE END OF
THE 19TH CENTURY?
Quebec Emigration toward the United
Stock speculators shaken in wild
day of panic. Record for all time is set by Wall Street in frenzy of selling.
As the men went off to war, women
took over the jobs in the factories.
The important economic role played
by women forced the government to change its attitude toward them.
The Quebec birth rate experienced
a serious decline: from 30 per thousand, it dropped to 13.8 per thousand
within 15 years.
Most workers worked a ten-hour day
for low wages and had only Saturday afternoons and Sundays off.
Child labour was widespread. Factories
were dirty, poorly ventilated, and unsafe.
1 and 3
2 and 4
1 and 5
4 and 5
8. During the 1860s, the United
Province of Canada faced economic difficulties. Exports to the United States
which forced the United Province of Canada to develop its domestic market.
WHAT WAS THE CAUSE
OF THE DROP IN EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES ?
American colonies did not accept Great Britain's adoption of the Quebec
Unhappy, they boycotted products from the Province of Quebec.
The decision made by the United States not to renew the Reciprocity Treaty
was a serious blow to the
economy of the United Province of Canada.
Britain began importing more from its colonies because Napoleon's blockade
prevented England from
obtaining supplies in Europe.
The United States was fighting a civil war. Although they were unhappy
about Britain's support of the
Southern States, the Northern States continued importing supplies from
the United Province of Canada.
9. In the period following
Confederation, Quebec society underwent economic and social changes,
which are described below.
I left my small farm in Saint-Léon
when the dairy industry began to develop, and moved to a working-class
neighbourhood in Montreal with my family. I and two of my children, aged
12 and 14, found work in a textile factory.
A few years later, many of my neighbours
left to work in the cotton mills in New England.
I thought about going with my family,
since I had lost my job.
The priest advised me to move with
my family to colonize an outlying area. A good Catholic, I decided to follow
his advice. We left for the Laurentians on curé Labelle's train.
Labelle was appointed Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Colonization by
Premier Honoré Mercier.
WITH WHAT PERIOD IN HISTORY ARE THE ABOVE TEXTS ASSOCIATED?
10. The three following events led
to Canadian Confederation:
11.The British North America Act
of 1867 divided powers between the federal government and the provinces.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SETS REPRESENTS
POWERS THAT ARE EXCLUSIVELY UNDER PROVINCIAL CONTROL?
Defence and the military
Navigation and railways
Weights and measures
Currency and banking
Roads and highways
12. WHICH TWO OF THE FOLLOWING TEXTS
DESCRIBE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGES
PLACE DURING THE FIRST PHASE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION (1867 TO 1896)?
The dairy industry was well adapted
to Quebec's climate and provided dairy prooducts (milk, butter and cheese)
that were in high demand in Quebec's urban centres.
Mining became an important part
of the Quebec economy.The focus was on the extraction and initial processing
of minerals that would be exported.
Houses were built hurriedly to meet
the needs of a rapidly growing urban population. Most housing lacked an
adequate supply of water and an effective sewage system.
Following the stock market crash,
the ensuing depression forced workers to accept wage reductions
averaging 40 percent. Faced with
unemployment, workers became powerless and destitute.
"We have given the women of our
province the right to vote because they, as educators of the young and
managers of the home, must have a say in everything that directly and indirectly
affects the welfare of the family." Adélard Godbout
1 and 3
2 and 4
1 and 5
3 and 4
13. In the mid-1860s, several political
leaders proposed a federal union as a solution to the political and
problems faced by United Canada.
STATEMENTS REPRESENT FACTORS THAT LED TO THE PASSING
BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT (B.N.A. ACT) ?
1. The government rejected
the Naval Bill that would have created a Canadian navy.
2. Industrialization led to the
movement of people from the countryside to the cities.
3. The colony experienced a period
of political instability: 10 governments in 10 years.
4. The Métis Rebellion in
the West forced the Canadian government to react.
5. The United States government
decided not to renew the Reciprocity Treaty.
14.. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TEXTS
DESCRIBES THIS NATIONAL POLICY?
The proximity and size of the American market encouraged (United Canada)
to establish closer ties
with the United States.Tariffs on certain products (such as wheat and lumber)
were to be eliminated.
They used ships made in Canada to trade various products with the French
West Indies in the autumn.
These same ships then delivered furs and returned the following summer
loaded with manufactured goods
needed by both colonists and merchants.
Increasing numbers of industrialists believed that free trade was essential
for an economic recovery:
that is to say, free trade with all countries, barring none.
The plan consisted of three principal measures: higher tariffs, extension
of the railroad towards
the West and increased immigration.
15. WHICH ECONOMIC ELEMENTAND
WHICH SOCIAL ELEMENT CHARACTERIZE QUEBEC DURING
PHASE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION (1867-1896)?
1. Foreign investment came mainly
from the United States.
2. The food, tobacco, textile and
shoe industries developed.
3. Industries were established in
most regions of Quebec.
4. The majority of workers belonged
5. The industrialized cities
provided working-class districts with the health services they needed.
6. Women and children working in
factories were the worst paid and most exploited workers.
1 and 5
2 and 6
2 and 4
3 and 5
16. A few years after Confederation,
the Canadian economy faced a severe crisis. The Canadian government proposed
solutions to deal with the situation.It proposed to focus the development
of Canada on :
John A. Macdonald
17. In the period between 1867 and
1896, Quebec underwent several changes.
THE FOLLOWING TEXTS ILLUSTRATES ONE OF THE CHANGES ?
A reciprocity treaty was signed with the United States. A railroad was
built to Portland (U.S.)
to facilitate the shipping of goods, and the dollar was adopted as the
American goods became the fashion. Anything imported was considered to
Recreation began to play an important role in people's lives.
It was impossible for the government to operate. No political party could
obtain an absolute majority
in the Assembly, resulting in ten governments in as many years.
Farmers sold horses, hay, peas and especially dairy products to the United
Butter and cheese factories sprung up everywhere.
The dairy industry became the backbone of agricultural development.
18. From 1850 to 1867, the United
Province of Canada faced serious political and economic problems.
WAS FAVOURED BY BUSINESSMEN AND POLITICIANS ?
The adoption of responsible government
Canadian autonomy in foreign policy
Annexation to the United States
19. During the years following the
adoption of the British North America Act,
experienced certain political and economic difficulties.
EACH DIFFICULTY WITH ITS PROPOSED SOLUTION.
1. An economic crisis shook
a) Mercier and Mowat promoted
Western world, including
2. Agriculture in Quebec suffered
b) John A. Macdonald's government adopted the
of poor farming techniques.
3. The provincial premiers
c) The Quebec government promoted dairy farming as
tendencies of the
the main form of agriculture.
1a, 2b, 3c
1b, 2c, 3a
1b, 2a, 3c
1c, 2a, 3b
THREE OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS CHARACTERIZE QUEBEC SOCIETY WITHIN
CONFEDERATION BETWEEN 1867 AND 1896 ?
1. The working conditions
of factory workers were terrible.
2. French Canadians emigrated to
the United States.
3. Women obtained the right to vote
4. In the working-class district
of cities, living conditions met public health and hygiene standards.
5. The clergy remained an influential
group in Quebec society.
6. The Quebec government introduced
an income tax.