What were the major reasons why Europeans explorers
went on great voyages
A major reason behind these explorations was that the Ottoman
Turks had blocked the
of exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries?
overland trade routes to Asia through their capture of Constantinople
in 1453. Consequently,
not only did it become more dangerous to travel, but luxury items
such as silk, spices, gold
and silver became extremely expensive. A new route by sea had to
be found to India and
China and this resulted in European explorers searching for the
Passage (see map).
Other reasons included:
Kings wanted more power. By creating colonies overseas they hoped
they would become richer and more powerful. Colonies could also provide
them with gold and silver.
Merchants hoped to get rich in return for paying to equip the voyage.
If the ship
returned with spices, silk, and gold, the merchants could
sell them for high prices.
There were now better ships (caravels),
improved maps and new navigational
instruments such as the astrolabe and
the magnetic compass.
Church leaders wanted to send missionaries to newly-discovered lands.
wanted to convert the people of other lands to the Christian faith.
Do the following questions on Topic 1: Reasons